What Are the Differences Between C and C+

What Are the Differences Between C and C++?

We have always heard of some famous programming languages like C, C++, Python, and Java. Most of the programmers have difficulties in understanding the differences between these languages since they sound alike. So here, we will be discussing the main differences between C and C++. Also, if you want to know Python and Java, check the language link below: 

What is the difference between Python vs. Java

Programming Language C vs. C++

Here are some differences between C and C++.


C C++
Developed by Dennis Ritchie between 1969 and 1973 Developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979
C is a subset of C++ Since C++ is a superset of C, it can run code of C
For code development, C supports the procedural programming paradigm C++ is known as a hybrid language since it supports procedural and objects oriented programming paradigm
C doesn’t support polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance C++ supports polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance
Data and functions are separate and free entities Data and functions are encapsulated together in the form of an object
Doesn’t support function and operator overloading Supports both function and operator overloading
Uses functions for input/output. For example, scanf and printf Uses objects for input/output. For example, count and cin
It is a functional driven language Object driven language, since it is an object-oriented programming language
The functions are not allowed to be defined inside the structures The functions can be used inside the structures
Doesn’t support NAMESPACE feature Uses NAMESPACE feature to avoid name collision
C contains a total of 32 keywords C++ contains around 52 keywords
There are no reference variables The language supports reference variables
There are no virtual and friend functions It supports virtual and friend functions


Similarities Between C and C++

To know the languages better, let us see what the similarities between the two programming languages are:

  • Both languages have similar syntax
  • The execution flow in both languages is similar
  • The code compiles to native binary executable files in C and C++ language
  • Some of the keywords and operators of C are also present in C++
  • The grammar of C++ is little extended, but the basic grammar of C++ and C are the same
  • The basic memory model of both the languages is close to the hardware
  • Both the languages have a similar compilation
  • Likewise, C++, C, also doesn’t support dynamically sized arrays.

So it was some essential information about the famous languages of programming i.e., C++ and C. If you need more help related to these languages, get instant programming assignment help from our experts.