The League of the nation is worldwide known for its world peace mission. Also, it is the first intergovernmental organization. The main motive of this organization is to solve matters to negotiate.
Moreover, its other analysis is to provide protection to minorities in Europe, treat native inhabitants, the arms trade, prisoners of war, solve global health issues, and many more peace works.
A hundred years are receding behind the league representation of fundamental shift. In the first world war, the League of Nations required the armed force provided to him by the First World War Allies.
It was founded in 1919; also, it was an international organization established after the Paris Peace Conference. Moreover, It was formed to maintain peace in the world during the war.
On 28 June 1919, as part 1 of the Treaty of Versailles signed the Covenant of the League of Nations. In January 1920, it set off power together with the rest of the Treaty.
January 1920, the first meeting of the council of the League happened. On 15 November 1920, the first meeting of the Assembly of the League happened.
What is the League of Nations
League of Nations is a concept of a peaceful community that resolves the conflict before creating bloodshed or warfare.
Firstly it was introduced by Immanuel Kant’s poem Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch. This poem gives the idea of peace between the state’s wars to control conflict and spread peace as the League of nations.
Immanuel Kant also argued for peace in our community, not for the government for peoples who are suffering from this vast bloodshed.
Peace Conference in Paris
In 1919, firstly, a conference for peace was established in Paris. The three people that are Wilson, Cecil, and Smuts, all gave their draft proposal for this League.
After a conference and debates between representatives, the Hust-Miller draft was finally produced as a basis for the Covenant.
Underneath the leadership of the Lord Council, the Phillimore committee created by the British parliament declared support of it in the conference.
Efforts by the League of Nation
The League created its Mandate commission in 1920 to save minorities. South Africa ignores it, but Africa serves it seriously by France and Belgium.
Also, in 1929, Iraq joined the League with the help of the Mandate Commission. The Mandate Commission also helped Palestine when tension was raised between the Palestine Arabs and the entering Jewish population.
In place of peace, there create more complications between Arabs and Jews it increases immigration in Palestine. But the Mandate Commission provided all possible help to solve the conflict.
League of Nation Failed
When world war || erupted, all League of Nations members leave this and assert neutrality. But the members of France and Germany did not leave the League of nations.
In 1940, League came to an end because league members of Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands were all demolished by Hitler.
Switzerland became nervous about working with the organization because it was perceived as an Allied one. And after that, the League started dismantling.
In the United Nations Office at Geneva, the collection of archives of the League of Nations’ records and documents are available. Approximately 15 million pages of records are available with the content of the inception of the league nations in 1919. Although, it extends until its dismantling in 1949.
1n 2017, the League of Nations’ records launched digitally in the UN Library and Archives Geneva as the article “Total Digital Access to the League of Nations Archives Project (LONTAD)”.