different types of energy

Different Types of Energy Around Us

Energy refers to the capacity of doing work. There are different types of energy, namely, thermal energy, chemical energy, nuclear energy, electrical energy, etc. Energy is always designated to its nature. The motion is associated with all forms of energy. Energy can be neither created nor destroyed. It can only be changed from one way to another. This principle is known as the conservation of energy. The various types of energy are:

Thermal Energy

It is also called heat energy and is produced by rising temperatures, which causes atoms and molecules to collide. It leads to the energy of moving or vibrating molecules. For example, we use solar radiation for cooking.

Chemical Energy

The energy stored in chemical compounds, like atoms and molecules, and released when a chemical reaction occurs. Chemical energy is published in the form of a chemical reaction. We use chemical energy in fuels like wood etc. It leads to the energy of moving or vibrating molecules. For example, we use solar radiation for cooking.

Nuclear Energy

The energy stored in the nucleus of atoms and released by nuclear fusion or nuclear fission. Uranium is the key raw material for nuclear energy.

Electrical Energy

The energy caused due to the movement of electrical charges called electrons. The faster they move, the more electricity they produce. It is one of the most common forms of energy. For example, lightening.

Radiant Energy

It is a form of electromagnetic energy and is the energy emitted by electromagnetic waves. The radiant energy can travel through space. The sun’s heat is transmitted through a vacuum.

Light Energy

The light consists of photons and travels in a wave. It is the only form of energy that is visible to the human eye. 

Motion Energy

Also known as mechanical energy, in the form of energy stored in moving objects. The faster the object moves, the more energy it stores. A sum of potential and kinetic energy is motion energy.

Sound Energy

Sound energy is the movement of energy through any substance in the form of waves. It is said to be a form of energy that can be heard by humans. The medium acts as storage for potential and kinetic energy.

Elastic Energy

The elastic energy stored between the bonds between atoms when the object is temporarily under stress. It is the type of energy that occurs when an object is compressed or stretched. 

Gravitational Energy

The energy is associated with gravity and stored by an object because of its upper position as compared to lower. It is the potential energy associated with gravitation.