South CHM1020 Week 7 Lab Assignment

Question # 00620187
Course Code : CHM1020
Subject: Chemistry
Due on: 12/05/2020
Posted On: 12/05/2020 05:07 AM
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CHM120 General Chemistry I Lab

Week 7 LAB Assignment

Week 7 Assignment

A.            Watch Boyle’s Law and answer questions pertaining to it:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N5xft2fIqQU

1.            In this demonstration, did the volume of the balloon increase or decrease? 

2.            What relationship is being demonstrated in this experiment?

3.            In this demonstration, did the volume of the marshmallow peep increase or decrease? Explain your answer.

4.            Why does the volume of the shaving cream increase when Pressure is dropped (or lowered)?

B.            Watch both demonstrations of Charles Law and answer questions pertaining to them.

(1)          https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gi5wPnkBEYI

(2)          https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5M8GR6_zIps

1.            In the first demonstration, what chemical was used to demonstrate the Charles law.  Why was it used

2.            In the second demonstration what pressure was used to demonstrate Charles law?

3.            In the second demonstration, why did the water rise in the flask after it was inverted into the beaker filled with water?

 4.           In the second demonstration, how much water was collected in the flask that was inverted into the beaker filled with water?

 

C.            Watch the demonstration of Gay-Lussac’s Law and answer questions pertaining to it:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1pVVZGOBIVg

1.            When the Gay Lussac’s device was inserted in boiling water, what was the pressure that was recorded?

2.            What happened to the pressure of the gas in the Gay Lussac’s apparatus when it was dipped in regular water + boiling water?  Did it increase or decrease? 

3.            In this experiment which of the following relationships are being tested?

a.            Relationship between Volume and Temperature

b.            Relationship between Volume and Pressure

c.             Relationship between Pressure and Temperature

D.            Watch the demonstration of Boiling water until it freezes under vacuum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y4BGV7-1lhs

1.            In this video demonstration, which of the following variables were lowered (or changed) to get water to boil?

a.            Volume

b.            Pressure (this one)

c.             Temperature

2.            When pressure dropped did the boiling point of water increase or decrease?

3.            Did the water freeze in this demonstration and if it did at what temperature did it freeze?

 4.           If the temperature increases,does the water vapor pressure increase or decrease?

5.            In this demonstration, at what pressure did the ice crystals start to form in the beaker?3-4 mm Hg

6.            In this demonstration as soon as vacuum was applied, bubbles were first visible that left the beaker. What molecules were escaping water?

7.            In the second experiment what molecule was added to water to make water boil smoothly (Carbon)

8.            What was the name of the desiccant that was used in this demonstration and what was the purpose of using the desiccant?

9.            Give another example where a desiccant is used.

10.          Breathing is an example of which of the following gas laws?

a.            Charles Law

b.            Boyle’s Law

c.             Gay Lussac’s law

d.            Dalton’s Law

11.          A hot air balloon is a demonstration of which of the following gas laws?

a.            Charles Law

b.            Boyle’s Law

c.             Gay Lussac’s law

d.            Dalton’s Law

MATH PROBLEMS:

1.            A sample of gas has a volume of 6.20 L at 20°C at a pressure of 1.10 atm. What is its volume at the same temperature and at a pressure of 0.925 atm? (Hint: What equation will you use if the temperature is constant?).

2.            A gas syringe at 20°C contains 20.0 mL of CO2 gas. The pressure of the gas in the syringe is 1.0 atm. What is the pressure in the syringe at 20°C if the plunger is depressed to 10.0 mL?

3.            A sample of SO2 gas has a volume of 5.2 L. It is heated at constant pressure from 30.o oC to 90.0°C. What is its new volume? (Hint: Which law will you apply of the pressure is constant

4.            A sample of the inhalation anesthetic gas Halothane, in a 500-mL cylinder has a pressure of 2.3 atm at 0°C. What will be the pressure of the gas if its temperature is warmed to 37°C (body temperature)? (Hint: Which law will you apply if the volume is constant?)

5.            A balloon used for atmospheric research has a volume of 1.0 x 106 L. Assume that the balloon is filled with helium gas at STP (standard temperature and pressure) and then allowed to ascend to an altitude of 10 km, where the pressure of the atmosphere is 243 mm Hg and the temperature is -33°C. What will the volume of the balloon be under these atmospheric conditions? (Hint: Three variables have been given so what equation will you use?)

6.            A certain quantity of helium gas is at a temperature of 27°C and a pressure of 1.00 atm. What will the new temperature be if its volume is doubled at the same time that its pressure is decreased to one-half its original value? (Hint: Three variables have been given so what equation will you use?)

7.            A 26.4-mL sample of ethylene gas, C2H4, has a pres- sure of 2.50 atm at 2.5°C. If the volume is increased to 36.2 mL and the temperature is raised to 10°C, what is the new pressure. (Hint: Three variables have been given so what equation will you use?)1.87 atm

8.            A sample of a gas at 77°C and 1.33 atm occupies a volume of 50.3 L. How many moles of the gas are present? (Hint: Since moles have been asked, which equation has the moles listed in the equation. Use that to solve this problem).

9.            A hyperbaric chamber has a volume of 200. L. (a) How many moles of oxygen are needed to fill the chamber at room temperature (23°C) and 3.00 atm pressure? (b) How many grams of oxygen are needed? (Hint: Since moles have been asked, which equation has the moles listed in the equation. Use that to solve this problem. Also don’t forget to use the equation 1 mole = Formula weight or Molecular weight to calculate the grams of O2).

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