PH Scale Indicators with Examples

The pH Scale with Examples | Common Indicators

In the pH scale, the P stands for “potential,” and the h stands for “hydrogen.” Together it means “potential of hydrogen,” which measures the acidity and basicity of water-soluble substances. To measure these, we use a logarithmic scale known as pH. Here we are discussing pH scale with examples. 

Thus pH solution is the negative logarithm of hydrogen ion. Whenever the pH value of any solution is 7, then it will be a neutral solution. 

Features of pH scale with examples

Below mentioned are some key features of the pH scale that one must know. 

pH Value

The pH scale runs from the pH value of 0 to 14, which indicates how acidic or basic a substance is. Scientists usually use litmus paper to test the pH value. A natural water-soluble dye is used as a pH indicator. 

Color of the Indicator

The indicator’s color changes from red for strongly acidic to dark purple for strongly alkaline. The dark red color indicates pH value one, and the violet color on the litmus paper indicates pH value 14. pH value 1 means the substance is acidic, while the pH value 14 implies the element is alkaline. 

Neutral

pH seven is indicated by green color in the middle of the two portions. Generally, the pH value of pure water is 7. The neutral solutions hit seven on the pH scale. These solutions do not affect a litmus indicator or solution. 

Acidic and Alkaline

The acidic solutions mark less than 7. The alkaline solutions characterize more than 7. Most of our body except stomach acid measure around 7.2 and 7.6 on the pH scale. That is why when a potent foreign substance comes in our body; our body can not function properly. 

 

Molecule

Found in

pH

Type

pHospHoric acid

fizzy drinks

2,15

2,15

acid

tartaric acid

wine

2,95

2,95

acid

citric acid

lemon juice

3,14

3,14

acid

acetic acid

vinegar

4,76

4,76

acid

carbonic acid

fizzy drinks

6,37

6,37

acid

ammonia

cleaning products

11,5

11,5

base

ammonium hydroxide

cleaning products

11,63

11,63

base

sodium hydroxide

caustic soda

13

13

base

 

Increase in pH 

The pH of acidic solutions increases towards the mark 0. Acid solutions having pH value two are stronger than solutions with pH value five. Similarly, the pH of alkaline solutions increases towards the mark 14. 

Concentration of H+

The pH scale is a log scale. Any change in the pH value from 2 to 6 represents a high H+ concentration. In the pH, the pH value of any solution is numerically equal to the logarithm of the inverse of hydrogen ion (H+) concentration.