Mexican war of independence was an armed conflict between Mexico and Spain. It lasted between 1808 to 1821, resulting in Mexico’s independence from Spain. Mexico became home to many great civilizations like the Maya, Aztecs etc. Moreover, it was prior 3000 years before the Europeans arrived, and all these civilizations flourished.
In addition, the Aztec civilization was the last great civilization before the arrival of the Spanish, who ruled until 1521. In 1521, Spanish conqueror Hernan Cortes conquered the Aztecs, and Mexico became a Spanish colony. Spain ruled the land for 300 years until the early 1800s.
The Mexican war of independence started as a peasant rebellion against colonial masters. In 1821, Mexico defeated Spain and finally gained independence.
Henceforth, heroes of the Mexican war of independence were Augustin de Iturbide and General Antonio Lopez.
The Mexican independence was inspired by the Age of Enlightenment and revolutions of the last 18th century.
Miguel Hidalgo hosted secret gatherings in his home to revolt against the oppressive government, i.e., the Spanish government.
On September 16, Hidalgo declared war against the Spanish after issuing the “Cry of Dolores”. However, he was captured and executed on July 30, 1811.
Legacy of the Hidalgo Revolt
Hidalgo is remembered as the father of the country, Mexico. He influenced great revolutionary heroes through his bravery. After the death of Hidalgo, Jose Maria Morelos resumed the leadership of the revolutionary army.
A military captain, Agustín de Iturbide, led a conservative group of rebels against the Spanish. In addition, he helped Hidalgo previously during the revolt. At last, Iturbide formed the Plan of Iguala in the final stage of the Mexican War of Independence from Spain.
The signing of the Treaty of Córdoba On August 24, 1821, finally recognized Mexico’s independence from Spain. It was led by none other than Iturbide himself.
The anniversary of Grito de Dolores has been a day of celebration across Mexico since the late 19th century. The gusted holiday begins on September 15 after the reenactment of Hidalgo’s speech by the president and governor of each state. The activities in the day include parades, bullfights, rodeos and traditional dancing.