QUESTION 1 1. Which group was granted US citizenship in 1917 when the US passed the Jones Act?
a. Alaskans b. Hawaiians c. African Americans d. Puerto Ricans
QUESTION 2 1. "We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America." This is section of the Constitution is known as the:
a. Article I b. Preamble c. Bill of Rights d. Article III (Extra Credit)
QUESTION 3 1. Under the principles of Separation of Power and Checks and Balances, which branch of the government can review legislative acts, interpret laws, review executive acts and issue injunctions?
a. The Legislature b. The Executive c. The Judiciary d. All of the above
QUESTION 4 1. Which Act ended segregation and outlawed discrimination by government? It also outlawed discrimination by businesses like restaurants, hotels, theaters and other public places.
a. Civil Rights Act of 1964 b. Reconstruction Act of 1886 c. Desegregation Act of 1954 d. Anti-discrimination Act of 1967
QUESTION 5 1. Explain the differences between civil liberties and civil rights. Be descriptive and give examples. Please answer each question in complete sentences.
QUESTION 6 1. In this famous case, the Supreme Court declared that courts have power to nullify government acts that conflict with the Constitution. Which case established the power of judicial review?
a. McCulloch v. Maryland b. Marbury v. Madison c. Gibbons v. Ogden d. Plessy v. Ferguson
QUESTION 7 1. Which section of the Constitution was added 1791 after securing the approval of three-fourths of the states? It was added to include a list the basic civil liberties and individual freedoms guaranteed to citizens.
a. Preamble b. Bill of Rights c. Article I d. Article II
QUESTION 8 1. Which of the following was NOT a technique used to disenfranchisement the African American vote?
a. White primary b. Literacy Test c. Poll Tax d. Grandfather Clause
QUESTION 9 1. The founding fathers wrote the US Constitution in 1787 in Philadelphia. Which of the following statements is NOT true about the US Constitution: It is one of the shortest Constitutions in the world consisting of 4,300 words
a. plus 3,100 words from the amendments.
b. US Constitution is widely copied and praised by other countries. The framers of the Constitution did not describe relationships and powers in
c. detail. d. It has been amended 37 times.
QUESTION 10 1. This term describes a view that the Constitution is an agreement among sovereign states so that the powers of the national government and states are clearly differentiated. It portrays states as powerful components and in some ways they are equal to the national government.
a. Cooperative Federalism b. Dual Federalism c. Coercive Federalism d. None of the Above
QUESTION 11 1. In which case did the Supreme Court decide that the freedom of the press takes precedence at least when individual is a public official and that the First Amendment protects the publication of all statements?
a. Cohen v. California b. New York Times v. Sullivan c. Synder v. Phelps d. Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission
QUESTION 12 1. Explain the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Path: p Words:0 3 points (Extra Credit)
QUESTION 13 1. Which political philosophy advocates unlimited power for the government to enable it to control all sectors of society? It favors a network of laws, rules and regulations that guides every aspect of individual behavior.
a. Socialism b. Totalitarianism c. Capitalism d. Socialism
QUESTION 14 1. In which Supreme Court case did the Court decide that reciting prayers in public school violated the First and Fourteenth Amendments?
a. Schenck v. United States b. Sebelius v. Hobby Lobby Stores c. Sherbert v. Verner d. Engel v. Vitale
QUESTION 15 1. The following philosopher strongly influenced the "Declaration of Independence" with his famous phrase identifying "Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness" as "unalienable rights" of citizens under government:
a. Karl Marx b. Thomas Hobbes c. Socrates d. John Locke
QUESTION 16 1. Which one of the following statements is NOT true about the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783)?
a. The colonists were protesting taxation without representation. The war last over 6 years and it ended with the surrender of Lord Cornwallis's
b. army in Yorktown, VA.
c. The Revolutionary War was about slavery. By August 1776, fifty-five revolutionaries had signed the Declaration of pledging their support of the rebellion against the world's most powerful nation.
QUESTION 17 1. Which US President signed the Emancipation Proclamation and ended slavery?
a. Thomas Jefferson b. Abraham Lincoln c. George Washington d. Ulysses S. Grant
QUESTION 18 1. Article 1, Section 8, of the US Constitution declares that the legislative branch shall have the power "to regulate Commerce with foreign Nations."
QUESTION 19 1. For the past several months, we have witnessed several protests and marches against the current administration and its policies to force government to respond to public opinion. Which model of democracy is evident by the people's participation in these protests?
a. Pluralist Model of Democracy b. Majoritarian Model of Democracy c. Elite Theory d. Socialist Theory
QUESTION 20 1. Which Amendment protects an individual's right to own and use guns?
a. First Amendment b. Second Amendment c. Third Amendment d. Fourteenth Amendment
QUESTION 21 1. In which case did the Supreme Court gave a broad interpretation of the Commerce Clause which increased national government's power to regulate interstate commerce?
a. Marbury v. Madison b. Maryland v. McCulloch c. Gibbons v. Ogden d. Fletcher v. Peck
QUESTION 22 1. What was the real conflict that resulted in America's Civil War?
a. Reconstruction b. Slavery c. States' boundaries d. Poor Economy
QUESTION 23 1. The equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment gives all people and groups in the US the right to be treated equally regardless of individual attributes. The logic has been expanded in the 21st century to cover attributes such as race, color, ethnicity, sex, gender, sexual orientation, religion, and disability.
QUESTION 24 1. The Articles of Confederation was a compact among the 13 states and it established the first government for the United States. All of the following are factors that caused it to fail EXCEPT:
a. High Taxes b. No Provision for Leader or President c. No power to regulate commerce d. Required unanimous agreement to amend
QUESTION 25 1. Which Act was a blow to Native American sovereignty because it abolished all Native American (tribal) governments?
a. Dawes Severalty Act b. Curtis Act c. Indian Removal Act d. Indian Reorganization Act
QUESTION 26 1. In which Supreme Court case, the Court create separate but equal doctrine and allowed segration?
a. Dred Scott v. Sanford b. Plessy v. Ferguson c. Smith v. Allwright d. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
QUESTION 27 1. The US Constitution can be amended in three ways: (1) two-thirds vote by both House and Senate; (2) summoned by Congress at the request of two-thirds of the state legislatures and (3) by President's executive order.
QUESTION 28 1. • • • Separation of powers and checks and balances are two distinct principles that shaped our democracy. Explain the reasons why the framers created the separation of powers. Explain the principle of checks and balances? Explain this concept and give me at least two examples of it in the United States Constitution. Tell me why you think this concept is important in our government.
QUESTION 29 1. In which Supreme Court case did the Court decide that burning the American flag was a form of symbolic speech protected by First Amendment and the state law making it illegal was unconstitutional.
a. Lemon v. Kurtzman b. Salazar v. Buono c. West Virginia Board of Education v. Barnette d. Texas v. Johnson
QUESTION 30 1. Free-expression clauses refer to which clauses under the First Amendment?
a. Freedom of speech and freedom of press
b. Freedom of press and freedom of assembly
c. Freedom of speech and freedom of assembly
d. Freedom of religion and freedom of assembly
QUESTION 31 1. This clause in Article 1, Section 8, of the Constitution, gives Congress the means to execute its enumerated powers. This clause is the basis for Congress's implied powers and it is also called the necessary and proper clause:
a. Supremacy Clause b. Commerce Clause c. Full Faith and Credit Clause d. Elastic Clause
QUESTION 32 1. Explain the Miranda v. Arizona (1966) case and then explain the 14th Amendment Due Process Clause.
QUESTION 33 1. What type of government do we have in the United States?
a. Democratic socialism b. Capitalism c. Socialism d. Libertarianism QUESTION 34 1. In which Supreme Court case did the Supreme Court strike down a state law that forbid interracial marriage? a. Roe v. Texas b. Morgan v. Virginia c. Loving v. Virginia d. Smith v. Texas QUESTION 35 1. Which organization used the courts to fight Jim Crow laws and segregation in education? a. LULAC b. NAACP c. NRA d. NOW
QUESTION 36 1. Which group of people were denied citizenship in the Supreme Court case Elk v. Wilkins? a. Alaskans b. Native Americans c. African Americans d. Hawaiians
QUESTION 37 1. Under this plan, the delegates at the Constitutional Convention agreed on a plan calling for a bicameral legislature in which the House of Representatives would be apportioned according to the population and the states would be represented equally in the Senate.
a. The Great Compromise b. The New Jersey Plan c. The Virginia Plan d. The New York Plan
QUESTION 38 1. In which case did the Supreme Court rule that the right to privacy encompassed a right for women to terminate a pregnancy,and the Court declared that abortions are legal nationwide?
a. Webster v. Reproductive Health Services b. Roe v. Wade c. Miranda v. Arizona d. Gideon v. Wainwright
QUESTION 39 1. Of all the Federalist Papers drafted to sell the Constitution to the people, Federalist No. 10 is the most cited and it was written by a future president who demonstrated that the proposed government was not likely to be dominated by any faction. Who was the author of Federalist Paper No. 10?
a. John Jay b. James Madison c. Alexander Hamilton d. Thomas Jefferson
QUESTION 40 1. In which case did the Supreme Court strike down a state law that helped pay the salaries of teachers hired by parochial schools to give instruction in secular subjects? Supreme Court create a three-prong test to determine if law is constitutional. Does the law have (1) secular legislative purpose (2) if the law inhibits or promotes religion and (3) whether there is excessive entanglement between church and state?
a. Salazar v. Buono b. Lemon v. Kurtzman c. Engel v. Vitale d. Sherbert v. Verner
QUESTION 41 1. What is the Trail of Tears
QUESTION 42 1. What is the known as a system of government in which power is concentrated in the hands of a few people. The military leaders are ofter the rulers in countries governed by this system of government.
a. Democracy b. Oligarchy c. Autocracy d. Anarchy
QUESTION 43 1. In which Supreme Court case did the Court overturn their decision in Plessy v. Ferguson and declare segregation illegal under the 14th Amendment?
a. Smith v. Allwright b. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas c. Sweatt v. Painter d. Dred Scott decision
QUESTION 44 1. Under this form of government, there is division of power between a central government and regional governments but central government remains powerful. The citizens under this system are governed by two different entities that exercise their power over people and property within their spheres of authority.
a. Unitary b. Confederation c. Federalism d. Republicanism
QUESTION 45 1. What term best defines goods provided by government for all residents free of charge?