UOP PSY300 All Formative Assessments Latest 2020

Question # 00620339
Course Code : PSY300
Subject: Psychology
Due on: 12/10/2020
Posted On: 12/10/2020 08:13 AM
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PSY300 General Psychology

Week 1 Formative Assessment

J. B. Watson and B. F. Skinner believed that

Which of the following is true of opiates?

In which of the following psychological approaches did researchers ask participants to think about what was going on mentally as various events took place?

Sonja believes that the pill prescribed to her by the doctor has cured her of anxiety disorder. However, the pill contains no active ingredients. Sonja's belief that she is better now is an example of the ________ effect.

Brett takes a drug that increases his feeling of euphoria. The drug also enhances his level of activity and pleasurable feelings. Which of the following drugs did he most likely take?

________ believed that psychology should be about what people do, and should not concern itself with what cannot be seen, such as thoughts, feelings, and goals.

Brian conducts a study to examine the ability of boys and girls in solving difficult mathematical problems. He expects girls to perform much better than boys and communicates his expectation to the participants in a subtle manner. This is an example of

________ refers to the soundness of the conclusions that a researcher draws from an experiment.

Dr. Steinguard wants to demonstrate a cause-and-effect relationship between stress and memory. Which of the following research methods should he use?

Nicotine raises ________ levels in the brain.

________ involves using introspection to investigate the components of the mind, whereas ________ involves the functions or purposes of the mind and behavior in the individual's adaptation to the environment.

Depressants ________, whereas stimulants ________.

The humanistic approach to psychology and the behavioral approach to psychology differ in that the behavioral approach states that humans are driven by

Psychologists who adopt a(n) ________ approach examine behavior and mental processes by focusing on the body, especially the brain and nervous system.

Olivia, a research student, wants to determine the effect of alcoholism on domestic violence as part of her thesis paper. She realizes that informing the participants of her study about its exact nature will affect the results. The participants are likely to feel ashamed of openly discussing such sensitive issues. In this scenario, which of the following would be the best approach for Olivia?

 

PSY300 General Psychology

Week 2 Formative Assessment

Sammy is in third grade. When he won the spelling bee, he felt proud of his accomplishment. But when he could not complete his arithmetic assignment on time, he felt incompetent. Which of Erikson's psychosocial development stages is exemplified in this scenario?

A mother 3-year-old and her 4-year-old children chocolate milk in identically shaped glasses to avoid conflict over who has more. The mother is showing her awareness of her children's difficulty with the concept of

The removal of a stimulus following a given behavior in order to increase the frequency of that behavior is called

Jennifer accidentally plays a radio channel that she has never heard before. She loves the music it plays and as a result, she starts playing only that channel whenever she wants to listen to music. In the context of operant conditioning, Jennifer's behavior has most likely been learned through

Which of the following is the final stage of Erikson's psychosocial development?

You tried to play peek-a-boo with your 1-month-old nephew, but whenever you hid your face, he would cry. You try it again 6 months later, and now he laughs and enjoys the game, trying to uncover your face with his hands. Your nephew has begun to develop

Which of the following is true of a fixed-ratio schedule in operant conditioning?

In Pavlov's classic study on classical conditioning, the bell was a ________ before conditioning and became a(n) ________ after conditioning had occurred.

According to Thorndike's law of effect,

Sarah feels sick every time she travels by air. She associates flying with physical illness and, as a result, hates air travel. She also finds it difficult to watch movies with airplanes or read books about airplanes because they make her uncomfortable. This scenario illustrates the learning process of

In operant conditioning, ________ refers to rewarding successive approximations of a desired behavior.

Liam is studying in his room for an exam but is disturbed by the loud music from his neighbor's house. He closes the window so that he can no longer hear the loud music. In this scenario, Liam's behavior demonstrates ________ in operant conditioning.

When Justin, a teenager, told his parents that he wanted to learn an extracurricular activity, his parents gave him the liberty to choose any activity of his choice. However, they restricted him from choosing extreme sports. In this scenario, Justin's parents are following the ________ parenting style.

Children of authoritative parents tend to

Yuna, a toddler, undergoes toilet training. After a week of staying dry overnight, she experiences self-control and feels confident. In the context of Erikson's psychosocial development stages, Yuna is in the "________" stage.

 

PSY300 General Psychology

Week 3 Formative Assessment

When individuals engage in a behavior because they enjoy it, they

According to Rogers, an individual's need to be liked, loved, and accepted by others regardless of his or her behavior is called

Which of the following is true of the trait theories of personality?

Which of the following is defined as the motivation to develop one's full potential as a human being?

The big five factors of personality are neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and

According to Freud, the ________ operates according to the pleasure principle, whereas the ________ operates according to the reality principle.

According to drive reduction theory, the goal of drive reduction is

According to Sigmund Freud's psychosexual stages of personality development, who among the following is in the oral stage?

________ is a pattern of enduring, distinctive thoughts, emotions, and behaviors that characterize the way an individual adapts to the world.

Nelly's friends attempt to convince her to try cocaine at a party. Even though Nelly is tempted, she resists because she knows that the consequences of her actions would be disastrous for her body. In the context of Freud's structures of personality, Nelly's temptation to take cocaine is most likely dictated by her ________. Her decision not to take the drug is most likely dictated by her ________.

Self-efficacy refers to

________ pertains to a psychological state, whereas ________ involves a physiological state.

Which of the following perspectives emphasizes that personality is primarily unconscious?

Which of the following terms refers to the strategies that the ego uses to reduce anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality?

According to Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory, before a person can feel safe, he needs

 

PSY300 General Psychology

Week 4 Formative Assessment

________ is Sigmund Freud's therapeutic technique for analyzing an individual's unconscious thoughts.

A fear becomes a phobia when

________ inhibits the reuptake of both serotonin and norepinephrine and is also known as serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor.

________ is an eating disorder that involves the relentless pursuit of thinness through starvation.

Validation, reframing, structural change, and detriangulation are techniques most commonly used in

Therapy integrations are conceptually compatible with the ________ model of abnormal behavior.

A person who regularly experiences motor tension, hyperactivity, and apprehensive expectations and thoughts is likely to suffer from

The anxiety disorder in which an individual has anxiety-provoking thoughts that will not go away and/or urges to perform repetitive, ritualistic behaviors to prevent or produce some future situation is called

________ is characterized by a pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and emotions, and of marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in various contexts.

Which of the following is one of the three main symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

________ is a psychological disorder characterized by guiltlessness, law-breaking, exploitation of others, irresponsibility, and deceit.

According to Carl Rogers, who developed the client-centered therapy, which of the following is an essential element that humans require to grow?

The ________ approach to psychological disorders primarily focuses on the brain, genetic factors, and neurotransmitter functioning as the sources of abnormality.

________ is a form of behavior therapy that treats anxiety by teaching the client to associate deep relaxation with increasingly intense anxiety-producing situations.

A schizophrenic patient who falsely believes that he is Jesus Christ is experiencing

 

PSY300 General Psychology

Week 5 Formative Assessment

Which of the following defines conformity?

In the context of social influence, Solomon Asch's experiment demonstrates

________ refers to the tendency to take credit for one's own successes and to deny responsibility for one's own failures.

Milgram's studies are a classic series of experiments by Stanley Milgram that demonstrated the profound power of

________ is an unjustified negative attitude toward an individual based on the individual's membership in a particular group.

The area of social psychology that explores how people select, interpret, remember, and use social information is called

According to attribution theory, attributions vary along which of the following dimensions?

The reduction in personal identity and erosion of the sense of personal responsibility when one is part of a group is known as

Which of the following most likely occurs when an individual has a deep, caring affection for another person and desires to have that person near?

The process by which individuals evaluate their thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and abilities in relation to others is known as

According to ________, people who have first agreed to a small request tend to comply later with a larger request.

In ________, social expectations cause individuals to act in ways that make their expectations come true.

According to ________, social relationships involve an exchange of goods, the objective of which is to minimize costs and maximize benefits.

The solidification and further strengthening of an individual's position as a consequence of a collective discussion or interaction is known as the

________ is an individual's fast-acting, self-fulfilling fear of being judged based on a negative idea about his or her group.

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