RELI448 Comparative Religions
Week 8 Final Quiz
Question 1 A common element often found in religions is:
respect for sculpture.
feelings of wonder.
rules governing meditation.
use of permanent places of worship.
Question 2 The position that argues that we cannot know whether there is a god or not is known as:
Question 3 Who was the American psychologist who viewed religion as a positive way of fulfilling needs and praised its positive influence on the lives of individuals?
Carl Gustav Jung
Question 4 Who was the Scottish anthropologist and author of The Golden Bough who saw the origins of religion in early attempts by human beings to influence nature and who identified religion as an intermediate stage between magic and science?
Question 5 What is the name of the Austrian ethnographer and philologist who argued that all humankind once believed in a single High God and that to this simple monotheism later beliefs in lesser gods and spirits were added?
Carl Gustav Jung
Question 6 One feature that probably contributed to the rich developments in Hinduism was which of the following?
the constant invasions of India by foreigners
the frequent floods and fires across India
India's isolation from other areas
India's extensive natural resources
Question 7 (TCO 8) "Liberation" from personal limitation, egotism, and rebirth is:
Question 8 Hinduism, as formulated in the Upanishads,
encourages meditation to understand the essence of reality.
says we must honor our social obligations and roles.
rejected the authority of the Vedas in formulating new religious insights.
advocates devotion to any of the many gods.
Question 9 Which of the following is not formally one of the 4 yogas?
Question 10 The Buddha's name comes from a Sanskrit word meaning:
To wake up
Question 11 Buddha was silent on questions about:
Question 12 The Chinese word for "propriety," savoir faire, "ritual" is:
Question 13 Confucius taught that people are:
not born good but must be taught goodness.
naturally good and should be left alone.
individuals first and members of a society second.
selfish and need strict laws to control them.
Question 14 Which of the following is not a Daoist value?
Sensing movements of nature
Question 15 In Zhuangzi's (Chuang Tzu's) famous dream, he was not certain that he was not:
Question 16 Which of the following is not one of the five relationships of Confucianism?
Question 17 Taoism does not have this element of a major world religion.
An overall worldview of the universe
Myths about the origin of the universe
A shared religious community
Specific rules of human behavior
Question 18 The Hebrews trace themselves to an ancestor named:
Question 19 A savior figure to be sent by God to bring in God's kingdom is the:
Question 20 A joyful spring festival that recalls the Hebrews' exodus from Egypt and freedom from oppression is:
Question 21 Jesus sometimes summed up his teachings in:
Question 22 Letters written in the New Testament to instruct, encourage, and solve problems are called:
Question 23 Muhammad's job before he became the Prophet was as a:
Question 24 What is the word for a pilgrimage to Mecca?
Question 25 The ___________ is the single sentence, when recited with belief, that makes a person a Muslim.
Question 26 Identify and analyze the Four Noble Truths, in particular, the Noble Eightfold Path. What ideas from Hinduism did Buddhism essentially keep? Describe them. Include enough details to support your answer.
Question 27 Compare and contrast a psychological view of religion (Freud, Jung, or James) with a sociological point of view (Durkheim or Levi-Strauss). Defend one of the two theories you selected as a better explanation for the origin of religions.