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RELI448 Week 8 Final Quiz Latest 2020 MAY

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RELI448 Comparative Religions

Week 8 Final Quiz   

Question 1 A common element often found in religions is:

respect for sculpture.

feelings of wonder.

rules governing meditation.

use of permanent places of worship.

Question 2 The position that argues that we cannot know whether there is a god or not is known as:

monotheism.

polytheism.

atheism.

agnosticism.

Question 3 Who was the American psychologist who viewed religion as a positive way of fulfilling needs and praised its positive influence on the lives of individuals?

James Frazer

Carl Gustav Jung

Sigmund Freud

William James

Question 4 Who was the Scottish anthropologist and author of The Golden Bough who saw the origins of religion in early attempts by human beings to influence nature and who identified religion as an intermediate stage between magic and science?

James Frazer

Rudolf Otto

William James

Wilhelm Schmidt

Question 5 What is the name of the Austrian ethnographer and philologist who argued that all humankind once believed in a single High God and that to this simple monotheism later beliefs in lesser gods and spirits were added?

James Frazer

William James

Wilhelm Schmidt

Carl Gustav Jung

Question 6 One feature that probably contributed to the rich developments in Hinduism was which of the following?

the constant invasions of India by foreigners

the frequent floods and fires across India

India's isolation from other areas

India's extensive natural resources

Question 7 (TCO 8) "Liberation" from personal limitation, egotism, and rebirth is:

satyagraha.

ahimsa.

maya.

moksha.

Question 8 Hinduism, as formulated in the Upanishads,

encourages meditation to understand the essence of reality.

says we must honor our social obligations and roles.

rejected the authority of the Vedas in formulating new religious insights.

advocates devotion to any of the many gods.

Question 9 Which of the following is not formally one of the 4 yogas?

jnana yoga

karma yoga

kundalini yoga

raja yoga

Question 10 The Buddha's name comes from a Sanskrit word meaning:

Spirit warrior

Middle path

To wake up

The teacher

Question 11 Buddha was silent on questions about:

suffering.

greed.

meditation.

philosophy.

Question 12 The Chinese word for "propriety," savoir faire, "ritual" is:

Ren (jen).

Wen.

Shu.

Li.

Question 13 Confucius taught that people are:

not born good but must be taught goodness.

naturally good and should be left alone.

individuals first and members of a society second.

selfish and need strict laws to control them.

Question 14 Which of the following is not a Daoist value?

Simplicity

Spontaneity

Sensing movements of nature

Formal education

Question 15 In Zhuangzi's (Chuang Tzu's) famous dream, he was not certain that he was not:

Confucius.

an ox.

a butterfly.

a Daoist.

Question 16 Which of the following is not one of the five relationships of Confucianism?

Father-son

Husband-wife

Business owner-customer

Ruler-subject

Question 17 Taoism does not have this element of a major world religion.

An overall worldview of the universe

Myths about the origin of the universe

A shared religious community

Specific rules of human behavior

Question 18 The Hebrews trace themselves to an ancestor named:

Adam.

Abraham.

Moses.

Amos.

Question 19 A savior figure to be sent by God to bring in God's kingdom is the:

King.

Suffering Servant.

Messiah.

Prophet.

Question 20 A joyful spring festival that recalls the Hebrews' exodus from Egypt and freedom from oppression is:

Yom Kippur.

Passover (Seder).

Purim.

Hanukkah.

Question 21 Jesus sometimes summed up his teachings in:

ten commandments.

one commandment.

two commandments.

five commandments.

Question 22 Letters written in the New Testament to instruct, encourage, and solve problems are called:

Gospels.

Epistles.

Acts.

Revelations.

Question 23 Muhammad's job before he became the Prophet was as a:

merchant.

date grower.

caravan driver.

camel breeder.

Question 24 What is the word for a pilgrimage to Mecca?

Hajj

Dhikr

 Hadith

Sura

Question 25 The ___________ is the single sentence, when recited with belief, that makes a person a Muslim.

Salat

Shahadah

Ramadan

Hajj

Question 26 Identify and analyze the Four Noble Truths, in particular, the Noble Eightfold Path. What ideas from Hinduism did Buddhism essentially keep? Describe them. Include enough details to support your answer.

Question 27 Compare and contrast a psychological view of religion (Freud, Jung, or James) with a sociological point of view (Durkheim or Levi-Strauss). Defend one of the two theories you selected as a better explanation for the origin of religions.

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