Topic 4 Reading Exercises from:
Copi, Irving M.Introduction to Logic,
14th Edition. Routledge.
the subject and predicate terms in, and name the form of, each of the following
1.Some historians are extremely gifted writers whose works read like
2.No athletes who have ever accepted pay for participating in sports
3.No dogs that are without pedigrees are candidates for blue ribbons
in official dog shows sponsored by the American Kennel Club.
4.All satellites that are currently in orbit less than ten thousand
miles high are very delicate devices that cost many thousands of dollars to
5.Some members of families that are rich and famous are not persons
of either wealth or distinction.
6.Some paintings produced by artists who are universally recognized
as masters are not works of genuine merit that either are or deserve to be
preserved in museums and made available to the public.
7.All drivers of automobiles that are not safe are desperadoes who
threaten the lives of their fellows.
8.Some politicians who could not be elected to the most minor
positions are appointed officials in our government today.
9.Some drugs that are very effective when properly administered are
not safe remedies that all medicine cabinets should contain.
10.No people who have not themselves done creative work in the arts
are responsible critics on whose judgment we can rely.
quality and quantity of each of the following propositions, and state whether
their subject and predicate terms are distributed or undistributed:
1.Some presidential candidates will be sadly disappointed people.
2.All those who died in Nazi concentration camps were victims of a
cruel and irrational tyranny.
3.Some recently identified unstable elements were not entirely
4.Some members of the military-industrial complex are mild-mannered
people to whom violence is abhorrent.
5.No leader of the feminist movement is a major business executive.
6.All hard-line advocates of law and order at any cost are people
who will be remembered, if at all, only for having failed to understand the
major social pressures of the twenty-first century.
7.Some recent rulings of the Supreme Court were politically
motivated decisions that flouted the entire history of U.S. legal practice.
8.No harmful pesticides or chemical defoliants were genuine
contributions to the long-range agricultural goals of the nation.
9.Some advocates of major political, social, and economic reforms
are not responsible people who have a stake in maintaining the status quo.
10.All new labor-saving devices are major threats to the trade union
assume that the first proposition in each of the following sets is true, what
can we affirm about the truth or falsehood of the remaining propositions in
a.All successful executives are intelligent people.
b.No successful executives are intelligent people.
c.Some successful executives are intelligent people.
d.Some successful executives are not intelligent people.
a.No animals with horns are carnivores.
b.Some animals with horns are carnivores.
c.Some animals with horns are not carnivores.
d.All animals with horns are carnivores.
a.Some uranium isotopes are highly unstable substances.
b.Some uranium isotopes are not highly unstable substances.
c.All uranium isotopes are highly unstable substances.
d.No uranium isotopes are highly unstable substances.
a.Some college professors are not entertaining lecturers.
b.All college professors are entertaining lecturers.
c.No college professors are entertaining lecturers.
d.Some college professors are entertaining lecturers.