What Are the Different Types of Poetry and Poetic Devices

What Are the Different Types of Poetry and Poetic Devices?

We often lobe to hear poetry. But have you ever thought that poetry also has some rules which make it a different style of writing? Well, don’t worry if you don’t know. That is why we are discussing here what is poetry and what are the different types of poetry. So let’s start our lesson on poetry.

What is Poetry?

Poetry is a thought or emotion that one describes through the lyrical arrangement of words. It contains rhyming lines and meter. Besides this, these can be in free form, which means the poet follows no formal structure. Also, it has several stanzas, which are the building block of it. 

What is Stanza in the Poetry? 

A stanza is the grouping of lines that convey the same thought. This is more like a paragraph. In poetry, it can be subdivided based on the number of lines. For example, a couplet is a stanza with two lines. Also, every stanza in the poem serves a unique purpose. Every stanza can be arranged according to rhyming and meters. Also, the stanza contains various literary devices in a poem. 

Different Types of Poetry 

The following are different types of poetry and poetic devices that writers often use:


It is a three-line poetic form originated by Japanese poet. While writing it, the first line should have five syllables—for example, October’s Gold by Paul Holmes. 

Free Verse

These types of poetry lack a consistent rhyme scheme, musical form, or metrical pattern—for example, Brussels Sprouts. 

Epic Poems

A lengthy narrative storytelling poem is Epic. These types of poetry focus on adventures and extraordinary feats. For example, The Odyssey (~800 BCE). 


The Ballad can be a form of narrative, poetic writing. It is like a melodious form of storytelling, for example, “Ballad of the Gibbet” by Francois Villon. 


The sonnets are like 14 lines of poems, mainly focusing on the topic of love. Shakespeare wrote the first sonnet. For example, “Death be not proud.” by John Donne. 


These types of poetry concern the natural world, rural life, and natural calamities. They have connections with ancient Greece. For example, The Passionate Shepherd to His Love by Christopher Marlowe. 


Elegies often reflect on death or the dark side of life. That is why it contains themes of mourning’s, loss, or grief. For example, Thomas Gray’s “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard.”

These were some crucial points about what poetry is and what are different types of poetry. Further, you can get English assignment help from our experts for any writing services.